Knee joint dislocation: It is becoming highly popular these days. Known to cause severe injury to the anatomical components of the knee, it can also harm the blood vessels and nerves. Hence, it is often recommended for emergency treatment or surgery for this problem. Usually, it happens due to high-impact and large-force injuries might be due to sports or motor vehicle accidents. The very painful one is patella dislocation. The good thing is that it can be treated by popping it back into place or through splinting and physical therapy.
Knee Bursitis: Do you know bursas? If not, then these are fluid-filled sacs located around joints. Basically, there are two main bursas, patella (one above the kneecap), and the other below the knee joint, found near the front of the tibia bone. These act as shock absorbers and also minimize the friction between the tissues. This problem occurs when these fluid-filled pouches become irritated, inflamed, or infected.
Meniscus Tear: It is the presence of medial and lateral menisci, the semi-round pieces of cartilage, which act as shock absorbers for the thighbone. And the tears of the meniscus occur due to the damage inside of the knee. While these menisci can be injured acutely, on the other hand due to overuse and aging, these can become dysfunctional.
Knee Strains: These often occur when the tendons or muscles surrounding your knee are stretched. In most of the cases, it is due to hyperextension and these strains lead to severe pain outside the knee joint. However, it can cause dysfunction too.
Knee Fractures: When a person falls directly down onto the knees, or in other case when the kneecap cracks due to the force, it direct blows to the bones. And this lead to patella, or kneecap, fractures. Along this, for the people with osteoporosis, collapse of the top of the tibia bone can be something frequent.